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                      Emerald Dragon Etymologies
                    ------------------------------
                        Updated April 21, 2014

                          by Derrick Sobodash
                     gopher://gopher.sobodash.com/


                                                         .:[changes]:.
----------------------------------------------------------------------

Revision 3:
Some minor edits. Reformatted the document to be transmissible in
7-bit ASCII.

Revision 2:
Quick fix to the Preface. First Persian king who converted was
Cyrus I. I was about a century off ;)

Revision 1:
Initial release. Please email me if you can figure out any of the
names in the "Unknown" section.


                                               .:[table of contents]:.
----------------------------------------------------------------------

1. Preface

2. Item Names

3. Place Names

4. Character Names

5. Unknowns

6. Credits & Notes


                                                         .:[preface]:.
----------------------------------------------------------------------

Years ago when I first played Emerald Dragon, I remember being baffled
by the names. In most Japanese games, some English approximation of
character names can be made.

But Emerald Dragon was not most games.

When I was throwing out a load of notes from my Ancient Near-East
history class I happened to flip open to a page of notes that had a
word that stuck out at me, "Avesta." My brain jumped straight to
Emerald Dragon (since I had been listening to the Radio Show a few
days before) and realized "Wait, wasn't that the huge weapon that
tanked the Western Desert?"

Sure was.

Then I flipped through a bit more and saw another word, "Vendidad."
Oh yeah, and that was the sword that housed the spirit of the
Emerald Dragon. What section of class notes was this all from?

Zoroastrianism.

This old religion is where most of the Emerald Dragon names came from.
A Few others were taken from Sumerian or Egyptian, but almost all of
them came from the Near-East (modern day Iran).


                                                      .:[item names]:.
----------------------------------------------------------------------

Due to the limits of gopher transmission, Japanese katakana characters
are represented in uppercase type.

AVESUTA
Avesta (Persian): The holy scriptures of Zoroastrianism.

VENDIDAADO
Vendidad (Persian): A section of the Avesta dealing with myths,
purification rituals and religious observance.


                                                     .:[place names]:.
----------------------------------------------------------------------

VOURUKASHA
Vourukasha (Avestan): A great mythical ocean mentioned by Zarathustra
in the Avesta.

URUWAN
Urvan (Avestan): The Zoroastrian term for a person's soul.

DURUGUWANTO
Draugwand (Old Persian): From 'drauga,' the demon of lies.

AAPASU
Arpath: Taken from Harsapatha, the name of a river in the region.

ERUBAADO
Ervad (Parsi Gujarati): A priest of a higher ecclesiastical order.

ZAAMA
Zam (Avestan): The yazad of the earth.

SUROOSHU
Srosh (Pahlavi): The spirit who guards the soul for three days
after death.

DAADOWA
Dadarwa (Persian): From Dadar Hormazd, a variant on Ahura Mazda, the
creator of the universe.

KIRUDEERU
Kildale (possibly Celtic): From "gildale," a drinking bout where
everyone pays equal amounts (found in 1913 edition of Webster's
Unabridged Dictionary).

BAAJIRU
Basil (Greek): From the name of the Christian saint, Basil the Great.
He was one of the strongest proponents of orthodoxy.

OVINGUSUTON
Ovingston (unknown): Presumably taken from the name of a famous
historian.

FUWOOWII
Frawardi (Avestan): The maidens who sew the spiritual garments worn by
a soul after death.

NANAI
Nanai (Sumerian): Equivalent of Venus, was worshiped until Persia's
official religion was made Zoroastianism.

HERUROODO
Harerud (Modern): One of the 16 perfect lands created by Ahura Mazda.

MARUGIANA
Marguan (Old Persian): From Margu, one of the 16 perfect lands
created by Ahura Mazda.

KASHA
Kasha (Avestan): From Vourukasha, the mythical ocean.

PAARUSHII
Parsis (Persian): The term for Zoroastrians who fled Persia and
settled in India.

HERUMANDO
Helmend (Modern): One of the 16 perfect lands created by Ahura Mazda.


                                                 .:[character names]:.
----------------------------------------------------------------------

ATORUSHAN
Atrushan (Armenian): Sacred ritual fire altar for Zoroastrianism
practice. Barsom are lain across its poles.

TAMURIN
Tamryn (Russian): The word for "palm tree."

BARUSOMU
Barsom (Pahlavi): A bundle of twigs tied with a date-palm cord used by
priests during liturgies.

YAMAN
Yaman (Avestan): Taken from the name Airyaman, the yazad of
friendship.

SAOSHUYANTO
Saoshyant (Avestan): The Zoroastrian Messiah.

KARUSHUWARU
Karshwarl (Pahlavi): One of the seven continents of Earth.

OSUTORAKON
Ostracon (Hebrew): Writing on pottery.

BAGIN
Bagin (Armenian): The image shrine used for Zoroastrian practice.

HOSUROU
Khosraw (Persian): One of the early heroes of Zoroastrianism.

SADA
Sada (Persian): Avesta texts without Pahlavi commentary.

TIRIDATESU
Tiridates (Armenian): An early king of Armenia.

FURAWARUDO
Fraward (Avestan): From Frawardigan, the Zoroastrian "All Soul's Day."

DASUTOORU
Dastur (Persian): A high priest.

GOOMEZU
Gomez (Pahlavi): Unconsecrated bull's urine.

HORUSU
Horus (Egyptian): Egyptian god of the moon or son of Osiris and Isis
depending on who you ask.

RAA
Ra (Egyptian): The Egyptian sun god, Ra, worshiped in the region from
very early times.


                                                        .:[unknowns]:.
----------------------------------------------------------------------

These are based on suggestions from a Japanese website with it's own
attempts at character name etymologies (read it at
www.asahi-net.or.jp/‾qi3m-oonk/tosyokan/fantasy/c-emedra.htm)

The trick is, since it's a Japanese webpage, there's no actual
spellings of the names. Not to mention obscure Zoroastrian names and
Near-East deities aren't the kind of thing you can easily find in a
dictionary.

FARUNA
Possibly from FUWARUNA, a god or goddess who came and gave beauty
to people.

MAJURESU
Some kind of governing body in Iran.

FUSHURUNUMU
Unsure. Somehow related to science or spiritual knowledge.

WARAMURU
Possibly the name of a straw used in the winter.

ZANDIIGU
Suggested it could be from ZANTIIKU, a term for pagans?

FUWARU
Possibly a pre-Zoroastrian sun goddess.


                                                 .:[credits & notes]:.
----------------------------------------------------------------------

A Japanese webpage with it's own set of etymologies (some of which I
disagree with) was used many times as a reference point to start from
in my search for a name.

Because it was in Japanese, there's no way to tell what they were
trying to spell most of the time. I relied on their description of
each term and hunted various pages for something with a similar sound
and meaning.

The Japanese page is at:
www.asahi-net.or.jp/~qi3m-oonk/tosyokan/fantasy/c-emedra.htm

Some of my other sources were:

The Armenian Church (Parthian and Sasanian Periods)
www.armenianchurch.org/heritage/history/vartan/essay2.html

Avesta -- Zoroastrian Archive
www.avesta.org/

Introduction to the Zend-Avesta
hinduwebsite.com/sacredscripts/zoroscripts/venintro_01.htm
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